Smells like a rose: a mutation affects how people perceive the fumes wafting off pungent fish. Credit: Jón Gústafsson/deCODE Genetics – Amgen Inc Genetics 08 October 2020 When exposed to the reek of fish, people with a particular mutation tend to misidentify the odour — or not detect it at all. The pungent aroma of
It is essential to be ready with crucial plans and preparations needed for this year’s peak Atlantic hurricane season and other natural disasters. Peak season approaching The peak of 2020’s record Atlantic hurricane season is coming to the East, along with the raging wildfires in the West. According to Tampa, Florida veteran emergency manager Chauncia Willis,
Chinese vaccine maker Sinovac is trialling its COVID-19 vaccine in Brazil.Credit: Silvio Avila/AFP/Getty In the race for a coronavirus vaccine, China is making bold promises. A Chinese health official has publicly pledged that an effective coronavirus vaccine will be available by the end of the year. The country has also committed to sharing its vaccines
1. Chen, X. et al. The emergence of silicon photonics as a flexible technology platform. Proc. IEEE 106, 2101–2116 (2018). CAS Google Scholar 2. Smit, M., Williams, K. & van der Tol, J. Past, present, and future of InP-based photonic integration. APL Photonics 4, 050901 (2019). ADS Google Scholar 3. Capmany, J. & Perez, D.
Monolith Materials, a startup company, is now building a plant that will convert natural gas into hydrogen and ammonia fertilizer in an environmentally sustainable manner. The Need for Ammonia Farming worldwide needs ammonia for the production of fertilizers, which are an essential aspect of growing crops. These crops, and the fertilizers that sustain them, provide the food that sustains billions of consumers worldwide. Unfortunately, ammonia is a
1. Fendt, M. & Fanselow, M. S. The neuroanatomical and neurochemical basis of conditioned fear. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. 23, 743–760 (1999). CAS Article Google Scholar 2. Pavlov, I. P. Conditioned Reflexes: an Investigation of the Physiological Activity of the Cerebral Cortex (Oxford Univ. Press, 1927) 3. Rescorla, R. A. Pavlovian conditioned inhibition. Psychol. Bull. 72,
Red seaweed has been found by researchers from UC Davis to reduce the expulsion of methane by cattle through ‘belching,’ and it can help alleviate climate change and global warming. Reduced Methane Emissions This was the finding of a new study by the University of California Davis scientists. Red seaweed has been shown to cause a dramatic decrease in emissions of methane from cattle. Past
1. Watson, J. E. M., Dudley, N., Segan, D. B. & Hockings, M. The performance and potential of protected areas. Nature 515, 67–73 (2014). ADS CAS Google Scholar 2. Dudley, N. Guidelines for Applying Protected Area Management Categories (IUCN, 2008). 3. Dudley, N. et al. The essential role of other effective area-based conservation measures in
Scientists have long thought that there could be water trapped beneath the surface of Mars.Credit: Steve Lee, Univ. Colorado/Jim Bell, Cornell Univ./Mike Wolff, SSI/NASA Three buried lakes detected on Mars Two years ago, planetary scientists reported the discovery of a large saltwater lake under the ice at Mars’s south pole, a finding that was met
A new study has shown that only renewable energy and not nuclear energy can provide low carbon energy or substantially lower carbon emissions most rapidly and cost-effectively. Countries should therefore prioritize renewables instead of nuclear power. Nuclear Energy and Carbon Emissions The study’s findings resulted from analyzing 123 countries covering 25 years. The study was conducted by researchers from the International School
When her Danish colleagues first suggested distributing protective cloth face masks to people in Guinea-Bissau to stem the spread of the coronavirus, Christine Benn wasn’t so sure. “I said, ‘Yeah, that might be good, but there’s limited data on whether face masks are actually effective,’” says Benn, a global-health researcher at the University of Southern
It is a current dilemma if old sea oil rigs should be left in the sea or not, and the merits of leaving them are being discussed, including economic, environmental, and social benefits. Leaving Artificial Structures at Sea The decommissioning of the offshore gas and oil infrastructure of the UK will cost 24 billion pounds in taxpayer money, as estimated by HMRC.
An official prepares ballot boxes for Indonesia’s 2019 election.Credit: Willy Kurniawan/Reuters Since Nature’s earliest issues, we have been publishing news, commentary and primary research on science and politics. But why does a journal of science need to cover politics? It’s an important question that readers often ask. This week, Nature reporters outline what the impact
Trump has repeatedly undercut messages from public-health officials such as those on the White House coronavirus task force, including its coordinator Deborah Birx and Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.Credit: Kevin Lamarque/Reuters Since he took office in January 2017, US President Donald Trump has not made science a priority;
Tropical Storm Delta has recently formed in the Caribbean and is expected to become a hurricane as it makes its way to the US coast later this week, the National Hurricane Center reported on Monday morning. The storm is expected to gain its strength as it will be moving into the Gulf of Mexico in the
A binary system includes a star (centre; artist’s impression) and an unseen black hole. Such a system can evolve into a pairing of lopsided black holes. Credit: Katarzyna Drewniany Astronomy and astrophysics 05 October 2020 A merger between two black holes of vastly different masses might have stemmed from a relationship between two unequal stars.
The playful teasing behavior of apes, as seen in human toddlers and infants, can shed light on humor’s evolution. Joking in Young Humans Human toddlers and infants already make jokes even before they learn the art of talking. They know how to play games and similar actions that provoke reactions from adults. A new study showed that non-human apes such as orangutans and gorillas also
Here, I’m diving in one of 28 large artificial reefs at Maria Island, about halfway up the east coast of Tasmania. We built them out of metal framing and concrete paving stones spread across 1.5 hectares, and transplanted common kelp (Ecklonia radiata), a type of seaweed that grows to about one metre, into the reefs.
The Antarctic’s melting snow has revealed the frozen remains of penguins as old as 800 years to 5,000 years. With the entire world warming up and surpassing the 1.1º C threshold in temperature increase, the ice sheets worldwide are melting, and exposing Viking remains, ancient viruses, methane, diesel, and now, dead penguins. A Discovery On the coast of the Antarctic at Cape Irizar, the researchers who
Police are filing aggravated animal cruelty to a Newnan resident after finding a dead, malnourished puppy chained to a tree in his backyard. On Wednesday morning, investigators of the Newnan Police Department responded to probation compliance check on Smith Street and discovered a deceased puppy. (Photo : Pixabay)Police are filing aggravated animal cruelty to a
According to analysts, green hydrogen produced from solar and wind energy may become the most inexpensive “transformative fuel,” as termed by Australia’s government. Developed by this Decade The government wanted to prioritize “clean hydrogen” as the low-emissions technology, which will eventually replace fossil fuels for transportation, electric power, and industry to help eliminate carbon emissions. The government’s recent statement on this technology
October 14 is a National Fossil Day. To celebrate the occasion, we have marked some places in the U.S. where you can go to help you satisfy the fancy of your fossil-obsessed kids at home or perhaps a fossil junkie like yourself. Lonely Planet and Smithsonian Magazine featured several sights that you and your family may visit to celebrate
The XENON1T is one experiment that has been hunting for dark matter.Credit: Enrico Sacchetti Physicists are hatching a plan to give a popular but elusive dark-matter candidate a last chance to reveal itself. For decades, physicists have hypothesized that weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) are the strongest candidate for dark matter — the mysterious substance
Hello Nature readers, would you like to get this Briefing in your inbox free every day? Sign up here Joe Biden is the Democratic candidate for US president.Credit: Alex Wong/Getty US presidential hopeful Joe Biden has promised to get back behind the World Health Organization, rejoin the Paris climate accord and push forward on an
A firefighter in Shasta County rescued a mountain lion cub, which is believed to be only three to four weeks old, and brought the cub to Oakland Zoo for further treatment, According to the Oakland Zoo, the orphaned mountain lion is recovering from burns as the three-and-a-half pound cub had cut whiskers, and its paws are badly
Venus’s atmosphere is highly acidic and contains very little water.Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech The surprise discovery of gas that could be a sign of life on Venus has reignited scientific interest in Earth’s closest neighbour. Researchers and space agencies worldwide are now racing to turn their instruments — both on Earth and in space — towards the
Cocoa is among the most popular crops in the world, and a new study has shown that to increase its yield, as well as the income of small scale farmers, hand pollination is a better option to adopt instead of the intensive use of agrochemicals. (Photo: Pixabay)Cocoa is among the most popular crops in the
Scholarly journals are under pressure to become more freely accessible.Credit: Getty One of the world’s richest biomedical research organizations, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), announced on 1 October that it will require scientists it funds to make papers open access (OA) as soon as they are published — a change to its current policy,
Joe Biden is the Democratic candidate for US president.Credit: Alex Wong/Getty Election Day in the United States is a little more than a month away, and scientists are watching the outcome of the presidential race closely. President Donald Trump’s handling of the coronavirus pandemic, actions to downplay climate change and perpetuation of misinformation have horrified
The Rio Tinto mine has destroyed the island of Bougainville with war, human rights abuse, and environmental poisoning. An estimated 156 residents of Papua New Guinea’s (PNG) Autonomous Region of Bougainville submitted a petition to the government of Australia to make Rio Tinto responsible for the devastation caused by the copper and gold mine they abandoned.
Hello Nature readers, would you like to get this Briefing in your inbox free every day? Sign up here Workers carry out a burial wearing full protective equipment at Pondok Ranggon COVID-19 cemetery in Jakarta.Credit: Mast Irham/EPA-EFE/Shutterstock Nine months into the coronavirus pandemic, the official global death toll has now exceeded one million people. Researchers
Zoo’s Conservation work, such as breeding programs for rare species, is now threatened to closure due to the COVID-19 lockdown related funding crisis. The lockdown and reduced number of visitors meant substantial income loss for zoos, mostly relying on the entrance to support its operations. This impacts the facility’s ability to care for rare species.
Figure 1 | Rivers of meltwater carve into the Greenland ice sheet.Credit: Sean Gallup/Getty The Greenland ice sheet is losing ice at an increasing rate, owing to rising air and ocean temperatures1,2. Melting of the ice sheet is currently increasing global mean sea level by about 0.7 millimetres per year (see go.nature.com/3mrkuw8), but models predict3
The Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society has issued a new publication with a checklist of breeding guidelines to plant breeders and farmers of crops, authored by researchers from the Royal Botanic Gardens in Kew and the University of Portsmouth. It is a formula for growing crops more sustainably and helping its users better understand and improve their plants. It helps increase yield and growth using their
1. Ranganath, C. & Rainer, G. Neural mechanisms for detecting and remembering novel events. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 4, 193–202 (2003). CAS Article Google Scholar 2. van Kesteren, M. T., Ruiter, D. J., Fernández, G. & Henson, R. N. How schema and novelty augment memory formation. Trends Neurosci. 35, 211–219 (2012). Article Google Scholar 3. Lisman,
1. Benford, D., Amato, M., Mather, J. C., Moseley, S. H. & Leisawitz, D. Mission concept for the Single Aperture Far-Infrared (SAFIR) Observatory. Astrophys. Space Sci. 294, 177–212 (2004). ADS Article Google Scholar 2. Graham, P. W., Irastorza, I. G., Lamoreaux, S. K., Lindner, A. & van Bibber, K. A. Experimental searches for the axion
A water saver device innovation in UK toilets meant to save water for consumers is wasting billions of liters each week. Approximately 400 million liters or 88 million gallons are wasted from leaks each day. Dual-flushing toilets A lot of the waste comes from dual-flushing toilets marketed as water-saving devices. According to a water company, waste comes from their
Nurses care for a person in the intensive-care unit of a hospital in the French region of Guadeloupe.Credit: Lara Balais/AFP/Getty Immune breakdown linked to severe COVID-19 illness Some severe cases of COVID‑19, including those in healthy people, could be linked to dysfunction of immune-signalling chemicals called type-1 interferons, according to a study of people with
There had been significant changes in the rim of Halema’uma’u crater in the active Kilauea volcano. A year after. Halema’uma’u Crater partially collapsed, and a hot water lake has been slowly rising from it to form a deadly crater lake. Eric Mack of Forbes made interesting monitoring of the lake since its eruption in 2018 to develop the
The Indian government is pushing a bold proposal that would make scholarly literature accessible for free to everyone in the country. The government wants to negotiate with the world’s biggest scientific publishers to set up nationwide subscriptions, rather than many agreements with individual institutions that only scholars can use, say researchers consulting the government. The
Credit: Adapted from Getty To register for a scientific conference is an easy task for most, but not for us. Like many Indonesian people, we have a single name. Websites often do not allow us to proceed from one page to the next unless we fill out a ‘Last/Family name’ box — something we’re unable
Andean communities are turning to quinoa during today’s pandemic and climate change crises, with traditional quinoa preserving the heritage of local biodiversity in this region. Indigenous Andean communities have planted quinoa for seven millennia, and the deserted highlands that serve as their home have been declared by the UN as a GIAHS, or Globally Important
Many voters waited hours to cast ballots in US primaries this spring.Credit: Al Drago/Reuters Democratizing Our Data: A Manifesto Julia Lane MIT Press (2020) The Web was invented 30 years ago, yet 2020 is the first year that the United States’ decennial census has allowed households to respond online. This shift came in the nick
Windship Technology announced its wind propulsion system project on ships expected to save fuel by up to 30 percent. It already has a test ship ready. Windship Tech is a company advocating wind propulsion. (Photo: Pixabay)Windship Technology recently announced that it is working on wind propulsion systems that could save fuel consumption by up to 30%. First Test Ship
Hello Nature readers, would you like to get this Briefing in your inbox free every day? Sign up here Firefighters and volunteers in the Pantanal, Brazil, have been scrambling to rescue jaguars from extreme fires.Credit: Andre Penner/AP/Shutterstock Infernos in South America’s Pantanal region — the world’s largest tropical wetland — have burnt twice the area
Many multicellular animals respond to disease-causing agents, termed pathogens, using an evolutionarily conserved defence pathway called the cGAS–STING pathway1,2. Reports in the past few years of cGAS- and STING-like proteins in bacteria raised the possibility that this pathway is more evolutionarily ancient than was previously thought3–5. Writing in Nature, Morehouse et al.6 demonstrate that a
A severe weather storm in battered New Zealand brings heavy snow and rain and gale-force winds, closing roads, canceling several flights, and snowing on beaches and dipping the temperatures over the weekend. Sat loop from 10am to noon, with midday fronts dropped on at the end of the loop. Spot the Antarctic ice edge in
I became fascinated by bats in 2011, after I started working with them in Central Amazonia. But this photo was taken near Ranomafana National Park in eastern Madagascar, during an expedition organized by the University of Helsinki. My colleague, Adrià López-Baucells, and I led the bat research. I am in the white T-shirt. We had