Nature

It is essential to be ready with crucial plans and preparations needed for this year’s peak Atlantic hurricane season and other natural disasters. Peak season approaching The peak of 2020’s record Atlantic hurricane season is coming to the East, along with the raging wildfires in the West. According to Tampa, Florida veteran emergency manager Chauncia Willis,
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1. Chen, X. et al. The emergence of silicon photonics as a flexible technology platform. Proc. IEEE 106, 2101–2116 (2018). CAS  Google Scholar  2. Smit, M., Williams, K. & van der Tol, J. Past, present, and future of InP-based photonic integration. APL Photonics 4, 050901 (2019). ADS  Google Scholar  3. Capmany, J. & Perez, D.
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Monolith Materials, a startup company, is now building a plant that will convert natural gas into hydrogen and ammonia fertilizer in an environmentally sustainable manner. The Need for Ammonia Farming worldwide needs ammonia for the production of fertilizers, which are an essential aspect of growing crops. These crops, and the fertilizers that sustain them, provide the food that sustains billions of consumers worldwide.  Unfortunately, ammonia is a
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1. Fendt, M. & Fanselow, M. S. The neuroanatomical and neurochemical basis of conditioned fear. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. 23, 743–760 (1999). CAS  Article  Google Scholar  2. Pavlov, I. P. Conditioned Reflexes: an Investigation of the Physiological Activity of the Cerebral Cortex (Oxford Univ. Press, 1927) 3. Rescorla, R. A. Pavlovian conditioned inhibition. Psychol. Bull. 72,
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Red seaweed has been found by researchers from UC Davis to reduce the expulsion of methane by cattle through ‘belching,’ and it can help alleviate climate change and global warming. Reduced Methane Emissions This was the finding of a new study by the University of California Davis scientists. Red seaweed has been shown to cause a dramatic decrease in emissions of methane from cattle. Past
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1. Watson, J. E. M., Dudley, N., Segan, D. B. & Hockings, M. The performance and potential of protected areas. Nature 515, 67–73 (2014). ADS  CAS  Google Scholar  2. Dudley, N. Guidelines for Applying Protected Area Management Categories (IUCN, 2008). 3. Dudley, N. et al. The essential role of other effective area-based conservation measures in
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Scientists have long thought that there could be water trapped beneath the surface of Mars.Credit: Steve Lee, Univ. Colorado/Jim Bell, Cornell Univ./Mike Wolff, SSI/NASA Three buried lakes detected on Mars Two years ago, planetary scientists reported the discovery of a large saltwater lake under the ice at Mars’s south pole, a finding that was met
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A new study has shown that only renewable energy and not nuclear energy can provide low carbon energy or substantially lower carbon emissions most rapidly and cost-effectively. Countries should therefore prioritize renewables instead of nuclear power. Nuclear Energy and Carbon Emissions  The study’s findings resulted from analyzing 123 countries covering 25 years. The study was conducted by researchers from the International School
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When her Danish colleagues first suggested distributing protective cloth face masks to people in Guinea-Bissau to stem the spread of the coronavirus, Christine Benn wasn’t so sure. “I said, ‘Yeah, that might be good, but there’s limited data on whether face masks are actually effective,’” says Benn, a global-health researcher at the University of Southern
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It is a current dilemma if old sea oil rigs should be left in the sea or not, and the merits of leaving them are being discussed, including economic, environmental, and social benefits.  Leaving Artificial Structures at Sea The decommissioning of the offshore gas and oil infrastructure of the UK will cost 24 billion pounds in taxpayer money, as estimated by HMRC.
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An official prepares ballot boxes for Indonesia’s 2019 election.Credit: Willy Kurniawan/Reuters Since Nature’s earliest issues, we have been publishing news, commentary and primary research on science and politics. But why does a journal of science need to cover politics? It’s an important question that readers often ask. This week, Nature reporters outline what the impact
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Trump has repeatedly undercut messages from public-health officials such as those on the White House coronavirus task force, including its coordinator Deborah Birx and Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.Credit: Kevin Lamarque/Reuters Since he took office in January 2017, US President Donald Trump has not made science a priority;
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The playful teasing behavior of apes, as seen in human toddlers and infants, can shed light on humor’s evolution. Joking in Young Humans Human toddlers and infants already make jokes even before they learn the art of talking. They know how to play games and similar actions that provoke reactions from adults.  A new study showed that non-human apes such as orangutans and gorillas also
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The Antarctic’s melting snow has revealed the frozen remains of penguins as old as 800 years to 5,000 years. With the entire world warming up and surpassing the 1.1º C threshold in temperature increase, the ice sheets worldwide are melting, and exposing Viking remains, ancient viruses, methane, diesel, and now, dead penguins.  A Discovery On the coast of the Antarctic at Cape Irizar, the researchers who
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Police are filing aggravated animal cruelty to a Newnan resident after finding a dead, malnourished puppy chained to a tree in his backyard. On Wednesday morning, investigators of the Newnan Police Department responded to probation compliance check on Smith Street and discovered a deceased puppy. (Photo : Pixabay)Police are filing aggravated animal cruelty to a
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According to analysts, green hydrogen produced from solar and wind energy may become the most inexpensive “transformative fuel,” as termed by Australia’s government. Developed by this Decade The government wanted to prioritize “clean hydrogen” as the low-emissions technology, which will eventually replace fossil fuels for transportation, electric power, and industry to help eliminate carbon emissions. The government’s recent statement on this technology
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The XENON1T is one experiment that has been hunting for dark matter.Credit: Enrico Sacchetti Physicists are hatching a plan to give a popular but elusive dark-matter candidate a last chance to reveal itself. For decades, physicists have hypothesized that weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) are the strongest candidate for dark matter — the mysterious substance
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Venus’s atmosphere is highly acidic and contains very little water.Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech The surprise discovery of gas that could be a sign of life on Venus has reignited scientific interest in Earth’s closest neighbour. Researchers and space agencies worldwide are now racing to turn their instruments — both on Earth and in space — towards the
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Hello Nature readers, would you like to get this Briefing in your inbox free every day? Sign up here Workers carry out a burial wearing full protective equipment at Pondok Ranggon COVID-19 cemetery in Jakarta.Credit: Mast Irham/EPA-EFE/Shutterstock Nine months into the coronavirus pandemic, the official global death toll has now exceeded one million people. Researchers
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Figure 1 | Rivers of meltwater carve into the Greenland ice sheet.Credit: Sean Gallup/Getty The Greenland ice sheet is losing ice at an increasing rate, owing to rising air and ocean temperatures1,2. Melting of the ice sheet is currently increasing global mean sea level by about 0.7 millimetres per year (see go.nature.com/3mrkuw8), but models predict3
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The Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society has issued a new publication with a checklist of breeding guidelines to plant breeders and farmers of crops, authored by researchers from the Royal Botanic Gardens in Kew and the University of Portsmouth.  It is a formula for growing crops more sustainably and helping its users better understand and improve their plants. It helps increase yield and growth using their
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1. Ranganath, C. & Rainer, G. Neural mechanisms for detecting and remembering novel events. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 4, 193–202 (2003). CAS  Article  Google Scholar  2. van Kesteren, M. T., Ruiter, D. J., Fernández, G. & Henson, R. N. How schema and novelty augment memory formation. Trends Neurosci. 35, 211–219 (2012). Article  Google Scholar  3. Lisman,
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1. Benford, D., Amato, M., Mather, J. C., Moseley, S. H. & Leisawitz, D. Mission concept for the Single Aperture Far-Infrared (SAFIR) Observatory. Astrophys. Space Sci. 294, 177–212 (2004). ADS  Article  Google Scholar  2. Graham, P. W., Irastorza, I. G., Lamoreaux, S. K., Lindner, A. & van Bibber, K. A. Experimental searches for the axion
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A water saver device innovation in UK toilets meant to save water for consumers is wasting billions of liters each week. Approximately 400 million liters or 88 million gallons are wasted from leaks each day. Dual-flushing toilets A lot of the waste comes from dual-flushing toilets marketed as water-saving devices. According to a water company, waste comes from their
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Nurses care for a person in the intensive-care unit of a hospital in the French region of Guadeloupe.Credit: Lara Balais/AFP/Getty Immune breakdown linked to severe COVID-19 illness Some severe cases of COVID‑19, including those in healthy people, could be linked to dysfunction of immune-signalling chemicals called type-1 interferons, according to a study of people with
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The Indian government is pushing a bold proposal that would make scholarly literature accessible for free to everyone in the country. The government wants to negotiate with the world’s biggest scientific publishers to set up nationwide subscriptions, rather than many agreements with individual institutions that only scholars can use, say researchers consulting the government. The
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Andean communities are turning to quinoa during today’s pandemic and climate change crises, with traditional quinoa preserving the heritage of local biodiversity in this region. Indigenous Andean communities have planted quinoa for seven millennia, and the deserted highlands that serve as their home have been declared by the UN as a GIAHS, or Globally Important
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Many voters waited hours to cast ballots in US primaries this spring.Credit: Al Drago/Reuters Democratizing Our Data: A Manifesto Julia Lane MIT Press (2020) The Web was invented 30 years ago, yet 2020 is the first year that the United States’ decennial census has allowed households to respond online. This shift came in the nick
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Windship Technology announced its wind propulsion system project on ships expected to save fuel by up to 30 percent. It already has a test ship ready. Windship Tech is a company advocating wind propulsion. (Photo: Pixabay)Windship Technology recently announced that it is working on wind propulsion systems that could save fuel consumption by up to 30%.   First Test Ship
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Many multicellular animals respond to disease-causing agents, termed pathogens, using an evolutionarily conserved defence pathway called the cGAS–STING pathway1,2. Reports in the past few years of cGAS- and STING-like proteins in bacteria raised the possibility that this pathway is more evolutionarily ancient than was previously thought3–5. Writing in Nature, Morehouse et al.6 demonstrate that a
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I became fascinated by bats in 2011, after I started working with them in Central Amazonia. But this photo was taken near Ranomafana National Park in eastern Madagascar, during an expedition organized by the University of Helsinki. My colleague, Adrià López-Baucells, and I led the bat research. I am in the white T-shirt. We had
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